5 Tips To Become a Good and
How to become a good boss?
How to become a leader. The first answer that many people think is to work well , then they will notice you and increase you. However, in practice, to become a successful manager it is not enough to work tirelessly. The leader should have skills that distinguish him from his subordinates and help him do his job with 5 plus.
When you master these skills, you will become a manager in essence – and the desired position will not belong in coming. Let’s talk about each skill in more detail.
1. Learn how to set goals
A leader is not a leader, if he does not think about the future, but is absorbed only in raking things up. The manager should be able to set goals not only for himself but also for his subordinates.
The most common targeting technique is SMART, only the lazy did not hear about it. We know that a goal must be concrete, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-limited. However, not everyone heard that some add 2 more letters to this technique: E and R. As a result, SMARTER is obtained. The most interesting thing is that they decode this “additive” in different ways.
- Someone says that E is Evaluate and R is Re-Do. That is, goals should not be rigid, and depending on changing conditions, they need to be overestimated and adjusted, of course, not forgetting the first five letters.
- Others understand E as Ethical, i.e., for them, the goal should be ethical and not harm the environment and the environment.
- Still, others claim that a goal is a goal only when it inspires and evokes a spiritual uplift (E – Excitable). This is the only way to turn mountains.
- And the fourth for Ruses another decoding – Recorded, that is, the goal must be recorded in a prominent place in order to stumble on it every day.
It follows from this that there is no one true method for setting goals. Use SMART or SMARTER and choose the letters that you like best, the main thing is that it helps you not only to set goals but also to achieve them.
2. Learn to delegate tasks
The key mistake of many inexperienced managers is to continue to work as a specialist after increasing and still try to fulfill the tasks of subordinates. But the leader is not Shiva: he does not have 10 hands to work for everyone. For a manager, employees are a resource that must be used wisely to achieve goals. Therefore, an important skill of a leader is the ability to delegate.
Do not confuse the delegation and transfer of tasks to the shoulders of subordinates. When delegating, you always retain control and constantly monitor the progress of the task, pushing the employee in the right direction, if necessary.
In addition to control, another important function of the leader during delegation is to explain in detail to the subordinate the assigned task, and most importantly, to provide authority and all the necessary tools for its implementation. In order not to forget anything, it is better to formulate the task in writing.
Of course, it is easier to transfer the task to the employee on the run in the corridor, but in this case, you should not expect the desired result and you can immediately prepare to redo everything yourself as you need.
However, the delegation has a downside. It is necessary to help employees, but in no case should you take the task back on you. This error is called reverse delegation, to avoid it, try to help the employee with advice or tell me the next step, or invite together to think about the task, but remember that the responsibility for the task should remain with the person to whom you transferred it.
“The most important thing I learned as a manager is that others must do the job,” Alfred Sloan (1875–1966), American car dealer
3. Develop strategic thinking
In most cases, the commander should be out of combat, only then will his gaze cover the whole picture of the battle. He will be able to monitor the development of the situation and give orders in time that will lead to victory. Also with the leader. If he does not know how to rise above the battlefield and look at the work of the department as a whole, he will become mired in the fluid. It will work from dawn to dawn, but will not achieve serious victories.
A true leader should have strategic thinking and understand where the department is moving, what tasks are a priority for the development of the company, and which ones can be postponed or not done at all. What problems are best solved today, so as not to extinguish fires in the future?
How to develop strategic thinking:
- Take an interest in the world around you. It is difficult to see the whole picture if your interests are limited only to work. Strategic thinking is closely related to curiosity. When you are interested in science, technology, or other professional areas, meet new people, more connections between different types of information appear in your head. So, you will have more ideas for improving your work and developing the department.
- Meditate. Make a habit of not only solving current problems but also calculating the situation several steps ahead. Analyze and make assumptions about the consequences of your actions and why this can happen. Remember your calculations, then compare them with reality. Wrong calculations? – Think about why this happened, what factors you did not take into account. Strategic thinking, like a muscle, in order to develop it, we must try to use it as often as possible.
- Play chess. Chess has long been considered one of the best games that train strategic thinking. To win, it is not enough to concentrate only on the next move, it is important to calculate the situation 3-4 moves ahead, which is great for strategic thinking.
4. Master decision-making methods
An important skill of a successful leader is to be able to determine the moment when it is time to stop thinking and begin to act. Even the wrong decision is often better than not made. If you have done something and gained unwanted experience, you can learn a lesson from this and move on, and if you have not done so, you will remain in the same place.
We have already talked about how to make decisions quickly. However, in order not to make a mistake in choosing, first of all, you need to correctly formulate the problem. Remember the well-known phrase that the question already contains half the answer? Also here. The more time you spend to describe the task correctly, the closer you get to solving it.
To find a suitable wording, write down the problem 5–10 times in different ways. Focus not so much on the correct as on the alternative definition of the problem:
- Make the task wider or, conversely, narrower.
- Use synonyms. Change the keywords in the formulation of the problem 5-10 times and see what happens. A few years ago, Toyota asked employees to come up with how they can become more productive. There were a few offers. Then the management asked another question: “How to make your work easier?” – There was no end to offers.
- Switch perspective. First, write down the problem from your point of view, and then rewrite it from the point of view of at least two other people who are involved in or close to the problem. This method was often used by Leonardo da Vinci. When he created the bicycle, he alternately put himself in the place of the cyclist, investor, and then the city where he will be used.
5. Develop emotional intelligence
Emotional intelligence has long outdone IQ as a key skill necessary for success. The leader, the results of which largely depend on the work of his employees, cannot neglect their needs. He must learn to manage his feelings, correctly determine the emotions of other people, and act accordingly.
One of the main features of people with high emotional intelligence is that they can not only listen but also hear. This skill is also called active listening. There are many ways to train active listening, but it is important that you really are interested in what the interlocutor is talking about, only then you will be able to win his favor.
A good way to spur interest is to play detective. Imagine that you have an important witness to talk to. Before talking with a particularly boring person, formulate a task for yourself. For example, to find out what the interlocutor was doing on the weekend, what he thinks about such and such a person, or to remember as much as possible of what he has time to tell you about. This small game will allow you to maintain interest and attention throughout the conversation.
Most importantly, in no case do not interrupt the interlocutor. When you want to insert a comment or tell about yourself, take a few slow breaths in order to restrain yourself.
Leaders are not born, they become. In addition to the listed skills, a true manager should be able to negotiate, deal with any conflicts with dignity, understand basic business processes, and much, much more.