How To Recognize a Lie
All people lie, and on a regular basis. Studies show that in a day we can lie from 10 to 200 times. Finding a lie is not a children’s game like hiding and seek, but a whole system of knowledge based on scientific facts. For decades, experienced psychologists have been studying how to recognize a lie and not allow yourself to circle around your finger.
Studies show that most hypocritical are people from whom you do not expect this. Most deceivers are inventive and creative individuals who have promising jobs. It is proved that men often lie to put themselves in a favorable light, and women to protect the feelings of a loved one. Also among extroverts, there are more deceivers than among introverts.
Recognition of lies is not a gift with which we are born, and not a special “intuition” or intuition. Rather, it is the result of lengthy observation and study of data combined with practice and key analysis. The correct assessment of truthfulness or deceit is hindered by myths and misconceptions popularized in society.
It is mistakenly believed that liars:
- Unconsciously look to the left.
- Cover your mouth, telling a lie.
- Avoid meeting eyes, hide their eyes.
- They speak quickly and confusedly.
- Stammer and stutter.
- Fidgeting, twitching, behaving uneasily.
These examples are popular myths about how to recognize a lie. This does not mean that people who behave this way are crystal clear. But the listed criteria are an unconvincing basis for conclusions. Relying solely on them, one can be suspected of lying an innocent.
Firstly, deceivers do not avoid eye contact. Rather, on the contrary, they stare intently into the interlocutor’s eyes to see a reaction to a lie and convince them of sincerity. They don’t say quickly: they need time to think through a hoax, pick up the right words.
Humbling and stuttering is not typical for hypocrites: they are sure that the more distinct and correct the speech, the higher the chances that they will believe. According to research, fidgeting in place is also not typical of liars.
Hint: it is generally accepted that people mechanically look to the left when they lie. But for lefties, the situation is the opposite. In general, scientists agree that eye movements are an unreliable indicator and should not be relied on.
Truth about lies
How to make out deceit? Tips to observe body language, manners, eye movements, and facial expressions are not unfounded. A careful analysis of the reactions will help to detect falsehood.
Face and body language
Facial expressions and gestures of a person are very eloquent:
- The expression is static, facial expressions are limited. Arms and legs move a little. The liar tries to keep the limbs closer to the body, occupy less space.
- The deceiver looks into his eyes, tries to look without blinking. Sometimes he simply turns his body and gazes to the other side, trying to be sideways to the interlocutor.
- The liar does not show open palms, touches the face, neck, scratches the nose, back of the head, area behind the ears. Rarely touches chest or heart with palm.
- The manifestation of emotions is slow. A liar can laugh later, and then suddenly break off the laugh, or vice versa laugh longer than it seems appropriate and natural. Example: having received a gift, a person first thanks, then smiles. I probably did not like the gift. Otherwise, a smile and gratitude appear simultaneously. But it is possible that he simply did not immediately understand what was given to him.
- The facial expression does not match the words. For example, a person declares his love, and wrinkles appear on his forehead.
- An indicative gesture is the crossing of arms on the chest, retreating one step back, and putting his hands in his pockets. But keep in mind, a person may just become cool. Increased sweating is also not an unmistakable falsehood indicator.
Tip: you should pay attention to the smile of a potential liar. If she looks taut, that is, only her lips are smiling, a person may be lying. With a sincere smile, many groups of facial muscles are involved: a person “smiles” with his eyes. The forehead muscles are involved, wrinkles can appear on the nose.
We pay attention to the manner of speech:
- The hypocrite repeats the question for the interlocutor, turning it into an answer. For example, to “Did you meet Katya yesterday?”, He replies: “No, I did not meet Katya yesterday”.
- Deceivers avoid direct lies, without giving unambiguous statements, answering evasively, off-topic, or question to a question.
- The deceiving person tries to speak naturally, adding unnecessary details to the story – for greater persuasiveness. He seeks to avoid pauses and awkward silence in the dialogue.
- It happens the other way around: a person answers briefly and monosyllabic. When asked by his wife why he returned late from work, the husband says that he went to their mutual friend – and nothing more. But the wife knows: usually, he is happy to share the details of meetings with friends.
- The liar’s intonation is more monotonous. When he makes a truthful statement, the emotionality of speech increases, when he lies, he falls again.
- A person coughs often clears his throat, uses interjections “uh …”, “well …”, “ahem”, etc.
- The transition to rudeness, rudeness, and taking a defensive position is another sign of how to recognize a lie. Such a conversation can turn into a scandal.
Tip: It’s easier to see the fraud by surprise. Quickly ask the person about any details, details, and look at the reaction. For the first instant, bewilderment and confusion will appear on his face, he will hold a pause, and he will respond in a generalized manner.
Example: an employee overslept for work, the head said that the cat was sick and he took her to the veterinarian. A simple way to check is to ask which clinic he drove the pet to and where it is located.
4 additional keys
A few more tips:
- If you suspect that the other person is lying, quickly change the subject. The liar will willingly support her and will look more relaxed. An innocent person, on the contrary, will look slightly surprised and discouraged by a sharp transition.
- The deceiver often resorts to humor and sarcasm, masking the lies behind him.
- Watch a person when you know for sure that he is telling a lie. Remember how he gestures at this moment, behaves.
- An indicative sign of insincerity is the redness of the skin. If a person is filled with paint in the face, neck, or ears, he is either lying or very upset and angry.
A universal lie recognition strategy does not exist. Exceptions and incorrect interpretation of signals are always possible, therefore, you should not rush to conclusions. But the keys given in most cases help to open the door to the secret world of the interlocutor.