Ways To Increase Student
Motivation To Learn
In the age of paid higher education, it to some extent discredited itself. If it’s possible to enter any faculty for payment if an exam that is not passed well can be retaken on the so-called commercial basis, then what is the point of studying well if the scholarship for a paid department is still not given.
At first glance, at the present time, a situation is developing where money and communications decide everything, and the very value of getting a higher education is lost: it ceases to be a sign of the highest degree of knowledge, the victory of intelligence.
On the other hand, the changes that have taken place in human society have brought to life completely new requirements for university graduates. A future specialist needs not only special knowledge in his field but also some universal methods with which he can always find his niche in the labor market, be a specialist in demand and develop, improve throughout his entire future career.
This kind of “plug” between what is and what should be, and allows us to argue that it is simply vital to increase students’ motivation.
Why motivation is needed
Every psychologist knows that without motives there is no activity. The motive, that is, a certain means that causes further action, will be the engine of any human action. Of course, in the first place are those motivations that are dictated by needs, primarily physiological: the need for food, rest, protection.
But training is already related to more complex activities, which means it requires more significant, strong motives. Psychologists single out a whole group of motives that can change the attitude of students to their academic responsibilities in one direction or another.
The following motives are highlighted:
- cognitive, that is, the desire to learn something fundamentally new;
- pragmatic, for example, the desire to have a high salary, to work in a prestigious company;
- social, implying a duty to parents, responsibility for their future, a desire to establish themselves in society, having received a high status;
- communicative, that is, a desire to expand their circle of acquaintances;
- professional – the desire to learn an already familiar specialty at a new level, more deeply.
The list can be continued further, but it is for young people that these motives can be considered the most significant. Nevertheless, one must understand this: the student will really want to learn if he wants to ensure that all the tasks assigned to him in the learning process are not only understandable, but also accepted internally, and acquire real significance for him.
What does that require
Oddly enough it sounds, but you need to change your attitude to teaching. For a long time, such facts have been known that crowds of students, including volunteers, went to one teacher at a lecture, and someone went around a mile away. In our time, little has changed: many university professors consider themselves the only true source of knowledge, and they expect only subservience and admiration from students. We can distinguish the following most common teaching errors, which do not contribute to the high motivation of students.
It just so happened that teaching for almost centuries reduced to giving lectures, and then taking the same information in an exam. At a time when the source of information can be not only the boring lecture of a professor but quite modern educational sites, students will simply not have the desire to attend such lectures.
Teachers also strive to give out more “bare” knowledge, not correlating it with modern reality, and the student does not understand why he needs it. Therefore, each teacher must justify the importance of his subject, his need for further professional activity.
Lack of understanding between students and teachers
Unfortunately, the relationship between students and teachers is most often formal, because the lecturer conducts classes for one semester, takes an exam and that’s it. And the student understands that he does not care whether or not the exam will be passed by this or that student.
Therefore, the teacher should be in many respects a very charismatic personality and not just captivate with his subject, but win over students, cause them to need to master their course. He should be ready to answer any student questions, showing not only his erudition but also mentoring.
Lack of respect for students
It often happens that way: the teacher, confident that every word he needs to be heard and recorded in the abstract, does not want to explain anything. When they turn to him for help or with questions for clarification, the teacher says: “It was better to listen, not to be distracted by lectures,” and students lose all desire to understand the complex issues of the subject.
Of course, the representatives of the older generation usually differ in this, since they consider themselves to be masters, luminaries. Young teachers in this sense are much more democratic, respectively, more students are drawn to them.
How to increase student motivation
That it is simply necessary to do, no one doubts. Does it remain to find out how to do this? There are several ways to increase motivation:
The most modern method that is used in leading universities in the country and the world. Each student knows that the top lines in the ranking can indicate further employment in the most prestigious organizations, and this will greatly mobilize them. They begin to make a lot of effort to get into the top ranks of the rating inside their school.
The same universities that have international agreements can use the same types of scales with European universities, and employers perceive not only “good” and “excellent”, but can clearly determine the true level of knowledge of each student.
This method has long been well known to everyone since school. If the student sees how the teacher is passionate about his subject, how much he wants to reveal the secrets of mastery of this subject, then this energy of passion will be transferred to the student. If at the same time the teacher in his classes creates an atmosphere of real creativity, gives you the opportunity to feel “on your own skin” what awaits the future specialist in the future, then the result will be high.
Another important point. For many students, the assessment of his performance is not important, and he will not worry about the received “triple”. For someone, on the contrary, evaluation is an end in itself, and for a good rating, he will do anything.
Therefore, teachers need to strive for invaluable technologies (for example, scales with which the student will determine the level of his progress). It will be much more important to tune future specialists to the learning outcome – the skills that should be formed in the learning process.
Freedom of choice
In general education institutions, all final exams are reduced to a unified testing technology, therefore there is no alternative for graduates and cannot be: an exam without options. The teacher of a certain subject is free to set the forms and options for passing tests, and even the exam itself, within his course.
After all, the previous “machines” remained, when active participation in seminars exempted from passing the final exam, these can be speeches at various conferences, which will allow students to relate to the subject in a completely different way.
Different types of promotion
Such forms of encouragement as the announcement of gratitude, a message board, and many other “remnants” of the socialist past are gone. Now they increasingly strive to reward with monetary prizes, material incentives. This will probably be important for someone, especially for low-income students.
But one cannot ignore the previous types of incentives: if the dean’s office holds ceremonial meetings or meetings where he names the best of the best, or maybe even starts his own board of honor, then this will certainly help to increase motivation because the ambitiousness of the young is very high. And letters of appreciation to students and their parents can also be a pleasant surprise, which will also cause a wave of gratitude and a desire to confirm their position.
In conclusion, I would like to add that each educational institution, each teacher, of course, has its own special methods and ways to increase students’ motivation in stock. But do not forget about the leading role of the family.
If a family has developed cognitive activity in a child since childhood, they taught it to overcome difficulties on their own at school, but with the support of adults, then becoming a student, such a person will not get lost in the world of information, but will quickly make his way in the ocean of life.