Why Does My Back Hurt ?

WHY DOES MY BACK HURT?

Periodic or constant back pain occurs in almost every modern person. Almost no one pays attention to discomfort or uncontrollably uses painkillers if they are tormented by intense pain. This approach can cause serious illness and complications in the future.

If you are concerned about persistent back pain, we recommend that you contact our neurology center for a consultation. We have a reception of caring and highly qualified neurologists who are ready in a short time to save you from the disease.

WHY DOES MY BACK HURT?

This may be due to diseases of the internal organs, spinal cord injury (including a fracture), neurological pains usually indicate osteochondrosis, and sometimes it is a symptom of the gastrointestinal tract, kidney stones, etc.
In addition, the back is somewhat prone to injury and pain. The spine performs at least 4 functions: supporting, protective, cushioning, and motor. Therefore, if pain occurs, this may be due to poor posture, strong one-time load, sudden movement, or rotation.

WHAT TO DO WITH BACK PAIN?

Consult a doctor, undergo an examination. Based on the diagnosis, it will become clear how to cure back pain, depending on its underlying cause.

CAUSES OF BACK PAIN

Back pains mean not only serious pathologies. For example, coughing or walking pain can be caused by a simple overstrain. However, this is often a symptom of various diseases, the manifestations of which depend on many factors.

WHY DOES MY BACK HURT AFTER SLEEP?

Possible reasons why back pain is felt in the morning after sleep:

 

  • hypothermia;
  • a sharp rise in weight during the day (or 3-4 days), causing night pain;
  • osteochondrosis;
  • intervertebral hernia;
  • incorrect body position when lying;
  • incorrectly selected mattress;
  • among women, among the causes – pregnancy;
  • the curvature of the spine, resulting in asymmetric muscle contraction;
  • overweight and muscle weakness;
  • stress.

JOINT AND SPINAL COLUMN DISEASES

Back pain means in this case that there may be:

  • osteochondrosis;
  • spondylolisthesis;
  • ankylosing spondylitis;
  • Ankylosing spondylitis;
  • osteomyelitis;
  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • displacement of the intervertebral discs;
  • Reiter’s syndrome;
  • hernia of the intervertebral disc.

 

MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS

Why do back muscles hurt?

Very often muscle pains are associated with a large load, fatigue, hypothermia. Cramping and cramping may occur, as well as decreased mobility and soreness (fibromyalgia). In addition, the back can hurt with the following muscle pathologies:

 

  • Charcot’s disease, or ALS;
  • dermatomyositis (additionally manifested by a rash);
  • rhabdomyolysis;
  • polymyositis;
  • muscle tissue infection, abscess;
  • rheumatic polymyalgia.

PATHOLOGY OF THE SPINAL CORD

The spinal cord is the organ that provides the connection between the body and the brain. Through the openings between the vertebrae, pairs of spinal nerves go out from the spinal cord – there are 31 of them. Each nerve innervates a certain part of the body. If you find numbness of the skin (locally), weakness of muscles, limbs, your spinal cord or some nerve may be damaged.

More diseases:

 

  • compression of the spinal cord (for example, with a fracture or cervical spondylosis, abscess, hematoma);
  • spinal injury;
  • cavities filled with liquid;
  • the inflammatory process caused, for example, by acute transverse myelitis;
  • disrupted blood supply to the organ;
  • HIV
  • abscess;
  • deficiency of copper, vitamin B;
  • syphilis;
  • benign or malignant neoplasms;
  • hemorrhage;
  • multiple sclerosis.

PAIN ON THE RIGHT SIDE

Pain in the back on the right can occur with problems with the kidneys, sometimes it speaks of inflammation of the appendix. In addition, there is a list of diseases that are characterized by pain on the right side from the back:

  • the curvature of the spine is the most common reason why the sides hurt;
  • displacement of the intervertebral discs;
  • gastrointestinal tract diseases;
  • kidney stones (pain radiates to the right side of the back, under the ribs, in the stomach);
  • obesity;
  • gynecological diseases, most often inflammatory;
  • diseases of the respiratory system (if it hurts at the top right), with aching and dull pain, the pathology can go to the chronic stage;
  • dysfunction of the peripheral nervous system;
  • injuries
  • diseases of the muscles located near the spine;
  • too much physical activity;
  • ectopic pregnancy.

 

PAIN ON THE LEFT SIDE

If the pain is localized in the back in the side on the left, under the ribs or in the lumbar region, this is possible:

  • pathology of the spine (inflammation, pinching, etc.);
  • diseases of the kidneys and urinary system (accompanied by swelling of the legs);
  • gastrointestinal tract diseases;
  • spleen diseases.

In the left hypochondrium and higher:

  • respiratory diseases;
  • cardiovascular diseases;
  • osteochondrosis;
  • intercostal neuralgia.

 

Drawing pain in the left side from the back in the lower part indicates pathologies of the reproductive system.

LOWER BACK PAIN

If the back hurts in the lumbar region, a similar discomfort is characteristic of osteochondrosis, hernia, radiculitis. Pain in the back muscles in the lumbar region occurs due to injuries, excessive load.

Other causes of lumbar back pain:

  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • Reiter’s syndrome;
  • infections of the spine and intervertebral discs (brucellosis, tuberculosis, abscess);
  • tumor;
  • pinched nerve;
  • osteochondrosis;
  • sciatica;
  • osteoporosis.

 

IN THE AREA OF ​​THE SHOULDER BLADES

Pain in the upper back (in the shoulder blades) on the left :

  • diseases of the musculoskeletal system;
  • lung problems (pneumonia, abscess, pleurisy);
  • violation of the function of the stomach;
  • pathology according to the cardiology profile (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction);
  • spinal diseases (osteochondrosis, hernia, scoliosis, spondylosis, spondylarthrosis);
  • muscle inflammation;
  • spleen diseases.

Pain under the right shoulder blade from the back :

  • injury;
  • infections
  • osteomyelitis;
  • cholecystitis;
  • hepatic colic;
  • pancreatitis
  • cholelithiasis;
  • cirrhosis of the liver;
  • osteochondrosis of the cervical spine;
  • scoliosis;
  • intercostal neuralgia;
  • vegetovascular dystonia.

PAIN ALONG THE SPINE AND BACK

One of the main reasons why the spine hurts is the compression of the nerve processes. It may be accompanied by a hernia, scoliosis, displacement of the vertebrae. Other reasons:

  • osteoarthrosis;
  • myalgia;
  • osteochondrosis (pain in the spine can occur in the middle of the back, in the cervical or lumbar regions);
  • muscle overwork;
  • the curvature of the spine (scoliosis, kyphosis, lordosis);
  • spinal protrusions;
  • fracture, spinal injury;
  • inflammation of the sciatic nerve;
  • anomalies in the structure of the spinal column;
  • radiculitis;
  • Ankylosing spondylitis;
  • spondylosis.

 

CAUSES OF LOWER BACK PAIN

A significant percentage of cases of lower back pain are:

 

  • spondylarthrosis;
  • osteochondrosis.

 

Other reasons:

 

  • scoliosis;
  • infections of the vertebrae and intervertebral discs;
  • non-infectious inflammation;
  • gastrointestinal diseases;
  • muscle strain;
  • displacement of the intervertebral discs.

 

SYMPTOMS THAT ACCOMPANY BACK PAIN

Occasional pains, even worse with exertion, are not dangerous. However, if within 3-5 days there are no improvements, and the back pain intensifies, you need to urgently consult a doctor.

Consider the symptoms of back pain in the spine.

Lumbar:

  • weakness in the legs;
  • numbness or soreness of the buttocks, thighs, legs, toes, feet;
  • frequent urination or, conversely, is very rare;
  • decreased sensitivity during bowel movements and urination.

Signs of back pain in the cervical spine:

 

  • frequent headaches;
  • weakness in the hands;
  • sudden changes in blood pressure;
  • high or low blood pressure;
  • numbness and soreness in the arms, shoulders, fingers, hands.

Thoracic department:

  • soreness under the shoulder blade (exacerbation of pain when moving);
  • burning in the sternum or between the shoulder blades.

 

SITUATIONS IN WHICH YOU NEED TO SEE A DOCTOR AS SOON AS POSSIBLE

Soreness in the back, if it is not associated with serious pathologies, disappears in 3-4 days. If this does not happen, you should definitely visit a doctor. In addition, the reasons for the urgent appeal to a specialist are:

 

  • very intense soreness;
  • pain that intensifies at night;
  • when it hurts in any position of the body and you cannot take a pose in which relief comes;
  • pain that arose suddenly and for the first time in life;
  • when a person suffering from a pain syndrome is either younger than 20 years old or older than 55;
  • recent back injury;
  • fever;
  • weight loss for no apparent reason;
  • progressive disorders according to the profile of neurology;
  • general weakness;
  • gait change;
  • prolonged use of corticosteroids;
  • an increase in soreness within a month, lack of improvement during therapy;
  • soreness radiates to the leg, especially below the knee;
  • weakness, numbness of the skin, tingling occurs in one or both legs.

 

 

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